# unconstrained

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**Gerry Ryan**— For other people named Gerry Ryan, see Gerry Ryan (disambiguation). Gerard Ryan Gerry Ryan pictured at the opening of the Grand Canal Theatre in March 2010, the month before his death. Born Gerard Ryan 4 June 1956 …42

**Keyword spotting**— is a subfield of speech recognition that deals with the identification of keywords in utterances.There are several types of keyword spotting: * Keyword spotting in unconstrained speech * Keyword spotting in isolated word recognitionKeyword… …43

**Possibility theory**— is a mathematical theory for dealing with certain types of uncertainty and is an alternative to probability theory. Professor Lotfi Zadeh first introduced possibility theory in 1978 as an extension of his theory of fuzzy sets and fuzzy logic. D.… …44

**Capital budgeting**— (or investment appraisal) is the planning process used to determine whether a firm s long term investments such as new machinery, replacement machinery, new plants, new products, and research and development projects are worth pursuing.Many… …45

**Shaykhism**— (Arabic,الشيخية) is an Islamic religious movement founded by Shaykh Ahmad in early 19th century Qajar Iran. It began from a combination of Sufi and Shi‘a doctrines of the end times and the day of resurrection. Today the Shaykhi populations retain …46

**Ellipsoid method**— The ellipsoid method is an algorithm for solving convex optimization problems. It was introduced by Naum Z. Shor, Arkady Nemirovsky, and David B. Yudin in 1972, and used by Leonid Khachiyan to prove the polynomial time solvability of linear… …47

**Conference of Socialist Economists**— The Conference of Socialist Economists (CSE) describes itself as an international, democratic membership organisation committed to developing a materialist critique of capitalism, unconstrained by conventional academic divisions between subjects …48

**Scalar field theory**— In theoretical physics, scalar field theory can refer to a classical or quantum theory of scalar fields. A field which is invariant under any Lorentz transformation is called a scalar , in contrast to a vector or tensor field. The quanta of the… …49

**Glacier morphology**— Glacier morphology, or the form a glacier takes, is influenced by temperature, precipitation, topography, and other factors. Types of glaciers range from massive ice sheets, such as the Greenland ice sheet or those in Antarctica, to small cirque… …50

**Subgradient method**— Subgradient methods are algorithms for solving convex optimization problems. Originally developed by Naum Z. Shor and others in the 1960s and 1970s, subgradient methods can be used with a non differentiable objective function. When the objective… …